1. have conversations with my partners in English
2. How do you memorize the sentence patterns?
I memorize sentence patterns by repeating difficult sentences.
3. How do you increase the reading speed? I increase the reading speed by reading word groups.
4. How can I improve my pronunciation? You can improve your pronunciation by listening to the tape. / One way is by listening to the tape.
5. make mistakes in grammar
6. review these useful expressions
7. Learning is a lifelong journey.
8. I discovered that listening to something interesting is the secret to language learning.
9. It serves you right.
10. You can improve grammar by taking notes and doing exercises.
11. pronounce some words
12. succeed in discovering the secret overnight
13. be patient
14. Why don’t you keep an English diary?
15. It improves my speaking skill.
16. pay attention to developing good study skills
17. learn physics and chemistry wisely
Festival for celebrating water
IF you see people looking like a drowned rat (落汤鸡), don’t be surprised! It is the Water Splashing Festival (泼水节)! Many people from Yunnan in China, Thailand and Myanmar (缅甸) celebrate this festival on April 13-15 every year.
In their eyes, April 13 is the first day of a new year. The Water Splashing Festival usually lasts three to seven days. During these days, people splash water on one another to clean off their dirt and bad luck from the last year.
There are also some other celebrations among those countries. For example, people in Thailand not only splash water, but also mix flour (面粉) with water to paint it on their faces. They think flour and water together can completely clean your soul (灵魂) and body.
In Myanmar, traditionally water splashing was much gentler – they used cherry tree branches (樱花树枝) to splash water. But now, they splash water as passionately as those in other countries. In Yunnan, the Dai people (傣族人) also organize dragon-boat races for this festival.
2. Dragon boat race
THE Dragon Boat Festival (端午节) will take place on May 31. How will you celebrate it? How about taking part in a dragon boat competition?
Nineteen middle schools in Nanjing, Jiangsu, had their own competition on the Qinhuai River last Saturday. It was the country's first dragon boat competition for school students.
Every school had a boat with 16 boys. They were all good swimmers. All but two rowed the oars (划桨). A drummer stood at the front. One boy steered (掌舵) the boat from the back. They had to work together to make the distance of 300 metres. Hua Liangzhu steered for Nanjing Yanziji Middle School. He said it was not an easy job."When I first held the oar, the boat just turned around and around and we didn't go anywhere," said Hua. Miao Feng rowed for Nanjing No 12 Middle School. The 16-year-old said that the most important thing in rowing is teamwork. "Everybody has to row at the same rhythm. Or the boat won't move very fast," said Miao. "We often practice teamwork in the corridor after class. We wave our arms and yell 'one, two, three' like we are really rowing."
Zhang Yulong was the drummer for Nanjing Yanzi No 2 Middle School. He took charge of the rowing rhythm. Each time he hit the drum, the other boys rowed the oars.
"Once I hit the drum so strongly that the stick (鼓锤) suddenly broke," said Zhang. Practice was tiring. Most boys had sore hands by the end of it. But Miao saw a lot of benefit."It helped me build my body. I got muscles (肌肉) on my arms." he said.
2b. Boat racing festival
Do you love the smell of zongzi? Maybe you will eat some next week. Why? Because it is the Dragon Boat festival on June 11. Maybe your mum is making tasty zongzi for the festival!
The festival is on the fifth day of the fifth lunar (农历的) month. It's a time for zongzi and racing dragon boats (赛龙舟).
Zongzi is sticky (粘的) rice cooked in leaves. People enjoy different kinds of zongzi. There are different things inside each one, such as meat, chestnut (栗子) and even egg yolk (蛋黄)!
Dragon boat racing is, of course, a big part of the festival. These boats look like dragons. They race in rivers and lakes. Teams row (划) their boat as fast as they can to try to finish first. A drummer often stands at the front of the boat to set the pace. On this day, families put felon herb (艾草) on their front door. Some also eat salted duck eggs or drink some wine. There is a sad story behind this day. Qu Yuan was a poet (诗人). He lived in the state of Chu during the Warring States Period (战国时期,475-221BC). He loved his country, but he lost hope for it. So Qu threw himself into the Miluo River in Hunan. It was on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month in 277 BC. People threw rice into the river and drove boats to try to scare fish away from his body.
3b. Welcoming the lunar new year
THE Spring Festival is just around the corner! It’s a happy time to be with your family. Do you know about all the fun activities of the big day? Follow Teens and let’s find out together!
EARLY on the morning of January 26, your mother asks you to help her clean the house. It is xiaonian – people begin to prepare for the Spring Festival by cleaning their homes. A good cleaning is thought to sweep bad luck away. People also buy delicious food and decorations (装饰) to welcome the upcoming Spring Festival.
The Spring Festival is the first day of the lunar new year. It is the most important traditional festival in China. This year it falls on February 3.
It is said that a long time ago, a monster called Nian ate people on Spring Festival Eve. But Nian was afraid of loud noises, the color red and fire. So, people played drums and gongs, set off fireworks (焰火) and put up red lanterns to scare Nian.u This is how people celebrate Spring Festival even today.
Spring Festival is an official holiday on the Chinese mainland (大陆), Hong Kong and Macao. On the Chinese mainland, people will have a seven-day holiday, while in Hong Kong and Macao, only the first three days are celebrated. But Taiwan has a 9-day holiday.
On Spring Festival, Chinese people wish their family members and friends health and luck in the new year. The traditional ways of celebrating Spring Festival include: a big family meal on Spring Festival Eve, visiting relatives and friends on the first day of lunar new year and having fun at the temple fair (庙会).
Fun activities for Spring Festival
Spring Festival Eve
Chinese people eat jiaozi or tangyuan on Spring Festival Eve. People usually stay up late and watch the Spring Festival Gala (春节联欢晚会). When it’s drawing near to 0:00, we all count down (倒数) to the exciting moment. We say goodbye to the past year and welcome the lunar new year with colorful fireworks!
On the morning of the first day of Spring Festival, *it’s time to bring wishes to family members. With a “Happy Spring Festival”, you can get a small red envelope (红包) that is full of money. We call it yasuiqian. People think the money can bring good luck to kids.
It is the 15th day of the first lunar month, which is the last day of the Spring Festival celebration. Lanterns go up and parades (游行) are formed during the night. Every corner and street is covered with excited children, running and laughing, with lanterns in their hands. In the southeast part of China, it is popular to eat tangyuan. People eat these round sweets and wish everyone good luck during the whole year.
Do’s and don’ts of Spring Festival
Fish is a must for the Spring Festival dinner table. In Chinese, “fish” (yu, 鱼) has the same sound as the character for “more” (yu, 余).
Don’t sweep the floor on the first day of the lunar new year. Otherwise (否则), you will sweep away good luck.
The Spring Festival is a time to make people happy, so don’t say any bad words, such as “death”.
春节祝福语：Wish you good fortune 恭喜发财
May all your wishes come true 心想事成
4. a. It's lantern time again!
T'S March 4, 2007, or January 15 by the Chinese lunar calendar (阴历). On this day people celebrate the first full moon of the new year. They call it Lantern Festival (元宵节).
Yuanxiao, sweet dumplings made of sticky rice flour, are something that you shouldn't miss on Lantern Festival. They are round in shape and have a sweet filling (馅). They show family togetherness and happiness.
Do it yourself lanterns
THERE are more things to enjoy than just the food.
First of all, enjoy a lantern (灯笼) show.
In the old days people used colored paper and bamboo (竹子) to make lanterns. They made them look like animals.
Here's how to make one yourself.
1 Decorate (装饰) a paper with drawings.
2 Fold the paper in half the long way.
3 Cut up from the fold along the long side every 5 centimeters. Stop 5 centimeters before the end.
4 Open the folded paper and join the two short sides to shape your lantern. Staple (钉) the two short sides together at the top, middle and bottom.
5 Cut a long, thin paper strip (条) and staple it to the top of the lantern for a handle. Are you ready? You can show it to all your family and friends.
Can you work them out?
Have a guess at these lantern riddles (谜语). How many can you get right?
People put riddles on lanterns and on walls. You can find the key in a single word, a line from a poem (诗), the name of a place or in a thing. Those who get the right answer get a prize. Ready? Try the following riddles and see how smart you are.